Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. It is a chronic condition that can lead to long-term complications if left untreated. The exact cause of UC is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Symptoms of UC may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, weight loss, and fatigue. The severity of symptoms can vary from person to person and may also fluctuate over time. UC is diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, blood tests, stool analysis and endoscopic procedures such as colonoscopy.

Treatment for UC may include medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immunomodulators and biologics, which can help reduce inflammation and improve symptoms. Surgery may be an option for those who do not respond to medical treatment or have severe complications.

Diet and lifestyle changes can also help manage symptoms. Eating a healthy diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while avoiding foods that can aggravate symptoms, and maintaining a healthy weight can help. Additionally, avoiding smoking and reducing stress can also be beneficial in managing symptoms.

It’s important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of UC, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve the overall outcome of the disease. Regular follow-up with a healthcare provider is crucial to manage the condition effectively.