Introduction to Vitamins
Vitamins are essential nutrients that the body needs in small amounts to function properly. They help the body grow and develop, maintain healthy skin, bones, teeth, and muscles and help the body convert food into energy.
Types of Vitamins
There are 13 essential vitamins that the body needs, divided into two categories: water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. Water-soluble vitamins, like Vitamin C and B vitamins, are not stored in the body and need to be replenished regularly. Fat-soluble vitamins, like Vitamin A, D, E, and K, are stored in the body’s fatty tissue and liver and can accumulate to toxic levels if taken in excess.
Sources of Vitamins
Vitamins can be found in a variety of foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and dairy products. Some vitamins can also be found in fortified foods, such as cereal and bread, and can be taken as supplements.
It’s important to maintain a balanced diet to ensure that you are getting enough vitamins and minerals. However, certain populations such as pregnant women, older adults, and vegetarians may have specific needs and may benefit from taking supplements. Consult with a doctor or a dietitian before taking any supplement.