Scalp psoriasis is a type of psoriasis, a chronic autoimmune condition that causes inflammation and scaling of the skin. With scalp psoriasis, the symptoms typically manifest as red, itchy, and scaly patches on the scalp. These patches can be very thick and can extend beyond the hairline and onto the forehead, back of the neck, and behind the ears.
The exact cause of psoriasis is not known, but it is thought to be related to an immune system problem. Scalp psoriasis can range from mild, with a few small patches, to severe, with widespread and thick scales.
Treatment for scalp psoriasis typically includes:
- Topical medications: creams, lotions, and shampoos that contain ingredients such as coal tar, salicylic acid, and steroids
- Light therapy: using UVB or PUVA light to help slow the growth of skin cells
- Oral or injectable medications: for severe cases
It’s important to note that, as with other types of psoriasis, there’s no cure for scalp psoriasis, and treatment is aimed at controlling symptoms and preventing complications. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.